Eid ul-Adha is a special day for Muslims as they thank Allah (Almighty) for one’s good fortunes. People offer prayers, greetings and gifts on Id-ul-Zuha.
Eid ul-Adha, Bakrid
Eid ul-Adha 2017 Date
When: September 2, 2017
Eid al-Adha is an important festival in the Islamic calendar of religious observances. It literally translates into the Festival of Sacrifice. It is also called Bakra-Eid or Bakri-Eid in the India because of the connotation of the sacrifice of 'bakri' or goat. Just as Eid-Al-Fitr occurs following the end of the month of fasting during Ramadan, Eid al-Adha begins after the culmination of the holy pilgrimage 'Hajj' at Mecca in Saudi Arabia. As per the lunar-based Islamic calendar, Eid al Adha falls in the month of Dhu al-Hijjah and is observed from the tenth day of that month. The date depends on the sighting of the new moon in that month.
Eid-al-Adha festival is associated with the story of Prophet Ibrahim as mentioned in the Quran. Once Ibrahim was put to test by Allah. To show his complete faith in Allah, he volunteered to kill his only son. At this point Allah revealed to him that this sacrifice was not needed as he had already passed his test by showing that Allah's came before everything else. Thus, this festival commemorates Ibrahim (Abraham)'s obedience to Allah through his willingness to sacrifice. In the Indian subcontinent, the UAE, Malaysia, Indonesia, Jordan and Turkey, this day is a public holiday.
Prayers and Celebration
During Eid al-Adha, Muslims visit the mosque, dressed in their new and crisp clothes, listen to sermons and later offer Sunnah prayer of two rakats in the morning. Since it is a public celebration, Eid prayers are performed as large congregation prayers and attended by men, women and children.
During Eid al-Adha, the sacred Takbir is said before and after the prayers. Specifically, seven Takbirs are included in the first Raka'ah and five Takbirs in the second one. In their prayers, Muslims express their gratitude to Allah for enabling them to observe the rites successfully before Eid.
Muslims all over the world greet each other 'Eid Mubarak', offer gifts or money as 'Eidi' to children. Apart from relatives, they also invite friends, colleagues and neighbours belonging to other communities to partake of their Eid festivities including offering them their dishes and sweet delicacies.
Since 'sacrifice' has a great significance on this day, Muslim families make provision for animal slaughter. They either sacrifice their domestic animals, or visit the livestock market to choose a healthy animal specific to the region such as lamb, cow, goat, buffalo or camel. However, the animal should qualify the minimum age. Eid sacrifice can be performed till the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. Some people deem it obligatory to make a contribution to a charity, so that even the poor can celebrate the festival. Another important aspect of this festival is that the meat from the sacrificed animal should be divided into three parts, as per Sunnah tradition. While the family keeps one- third of the share, another one-third portion is given away to relatives, friends and neighbours. The remaining one-third is given to the poor.
Significance and Message
The underlying message of celebrating Eid-al-Adha is that by observing the rites this festival entails, Muslims strengthen their determination to renounce things dear to them and to follow the commands of Allah. Through this festival, they also learn to reach out to the needy, empathize with others and forge ties of friendship. Overall, Eid spreads the message of joy, togetherness, brotherhood, and compassion.
The significance of this festival is that in order to gain Allah's blessings, Muslims should display purity of heart, obedience and show generosity towards others. The 'sacrifice' though physical also works on a symbolic level as Muslims reaffirm their resolve to fulfill Allah’s command and let nothing come in the way of this sacred goal. It is in this spirit that Eid-al-Adha is celebrated all over the world.
In 2017, Eid al-Adha is likely to fall on September 2 and will be spread over four days.