Hindu Festival Calender - India is a land of cultural diversity and its essence lies in an assorted range of races and ethnicities dwelling here. Religion also is no exception to this and the country is home to people with diverse faiths and beliefs. Hinduism however dominates all the other religions because of its wide-spread presence (in terms of geographic area) and number of followers.
One of the most peculiar characteristic features of Hinduism is that it observes many festivals encompassing celebrations, festivity and fasts. Several festivals celebrated by the Hindus call for national holidays and are celebrated with great pomp and show whereas some are celebrated in different regions. Some festivals celebrate diverse incarnations of gods and goddesses and the devotees observe fasts on the day of the festival. Some other festivals on the other hand commemorate harvesting seasons, relationships or/and Vedic principles.
It will not be an exaggeration to say that Hindus celebrate almost anything to everything and that too with equal fervor. Right from the full moon to birth of a god or goddess and from death anniversaries of demon characters to initiations - every event is celebrated with equal vigor and show. Harvesting seasons, plenitude of harvests, seasons, moons and even creatures like snakes too call for a festivity (Nag Panchami) on scheduled days. Every event that is celebrated as a festival is a reason for fun and frolic, music and dance, though devotional only in some cases, and is followed by ritualistic feasts.
Furthermore, all these celebrations have a quintessential divine aspect to them. Hinduism in fact evolved as an organic culture in the medieval times and every animate or/and inanimate thing or being possible was categorized in the 'to be worshipped' category. Astronomical events like lunar or solar eclipse also have certain rituals and taboos attached to them. In short, each event in Hinduism basks in the overtones of religion. For every festival, there definitely is a deity who presides over all his/her counterparts for the day of the festival and all the festivities encompass the deity's likes. For example, during Navratri, women put on all the Shringars, which appeal to the presiding deity of the festival - Durga. People usually dress up in red or tones of red and devotional songs singing her praise only are played in puja pandaals. These festivities are considered to be a form of thanksgiving to the deity by his/her devotees and it is believed that those who take part in the events enthusiastically are blessed by the deity.
Some of the Hindu festivals such as Deepavali and Ganesh Chaturthi have by now gained a global avatar and are celebrated all over the world. However, there exist a plethora of community or/and location-specific festival as well that are celebrated to commemorate the importance of a god, any religious event or good harvest. Onam for example, is a specific Keralite festival whereas Skanda Sashthi is limited only to Tamil Nadu.
There are many Hindu festivals celebrated throughout the country with equal passion and devotion. The Hindu festivals in India involve lots of customs and rituals. There is a distinctive festival for every event of one's life and for season. Some of the Hindu festivals are region and community specific depending on the importance a certain God enjoys like Onam is celebrated only by Keralites. There are many Hindu festivals like Deepawali to Holi, Raksha Bandhan to Lohri, all full of color, fun and a deep religious importance.
Having said so much about Hindu festivals, India might appear a celebrative land to readers however the festivals are not sprinkled evenly on the calendar. The festive season in India starts in the middle of August - September and continues until November. Some festivals though have various legends attached to it that differ from one region to another. The festivities also differ a lot depending upon the geographical location. For example, an oil bath is a must on Deepavali in southern parts of India whereas north India celebrates deepavali in a completely different manner.
Whatever be the mode of celebration, reason to celebrate and/or legend behind it - festivals in India are a ritualistic riot and strengthen the bond of brotherhood amongst people. They leave indelible imprints of happiness and joy in the minds of people until another festival arrives, which again adds more color and joy to the life of Indians.
Hindu Holidays 2019
|January 12, Friday||Swami Vivekananda Jayanti|
|January 15, Tuesday||Makar Sankranti|
|January 15, Tuesday - Friday, Jan 18||Pongal|
|January 24, Thursday||Sakat Chauth, Sankashti Chaturthi|
|February 04, Monday||Mauni Amavasya|
|February 05, Tuesday - Thursday, February 14||Magha Gupta Navratri Begins|
|February 10, Sunday||Vasant Panchami|
|February 19, Tuesday||Magha Purnima, Purnima Upavas, Guru Ravidas Jayanti|
|March 04, Monday||Maha Shivaratri|
|March 07, Thursday||Vikrami Samvat (Hindu New Year)|
|March 20, Wednesday||Chhoti Holi, Holika Dahan|
|March 21, Thursday||Holi|
|March 28, Thursday||Basoda, Sheetala Ashtami|
|April 06, Saturday - Sunday, April 14||Chaitra Navratri|
|April 06, Saturday||Gudi Padwa|
|April 06, Saturday||Ugadi|
|April 14, Sunday||Ram Navami|
|April 14, Sunday||Baisakhi|
|April 14, Sunday||Solar New Year, Mesha Sankranti|
|April 15, Monday - Sunday, April 21||Rongali Bihu|
|April 17, Wednesday||Mahavir Jayanti|
|April 19, Friday||Hanuman Jayanti|
|May 07, Tuesday||Akshaya Tritiya/ Akha Teej|
|May 07, Tuesday||Parashurama Jayanti|
|May 13, Monday||Thrissur Pooram|
|May 18, Saturday||Buddha Purnima|
|May 07, Tuesday||Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti|
|June 06, Thursday||Maharana Pratap Jayanti|
|June 12, Wednedday||Ganga Dussehra|
|July 04, Thursday||Jagannath Rathyatra|
|July 16, Tuesday||Guru Poornima|
|August 03, Saturday||Hariyali Teej, Andal Jayanthi|
|August 05, Monday||Naag Panchami|
|August 15, Thursday||Raksha Bandhan|
|August 24, Saturday||Sri Krishna Janmashtami|
|August 25, Sunday||Dahi Handi|
|September 01, Sunday||Hartalika Teej|
|September 02, Monday||Ganesh Chaturthi|
|September 12, Thursday||Ganesh Visarjan|
|September 17, Tuesday||Vishwakarma Puja|
|September 29, Sunday||Navratri begins|
|October 06, Sunday||Durga Ashtami|
|October 08, Tuesday||Dussehra, Durga Visarjan, Vijayadashami, Mysore Dasara|
|October 13, Sunday||Sharad Purnima|
|October 13, Sunday||Valmiki Jayanti|
|October 19, Saturday||Kongali Bihu|
|October 25, Friday||Dhan Teras|
|October 27, Sunday||Karva Chauth|
|October 27, Sunday||Narak Chaturdashi , Kali Chaudas|
|October 27, Sunday||Diwali, Lakshmi Puja, Dipmalika|
|October 28, Monday||Gowardhan Puja, Bali Pratipada, New Samvat Begins|
|October 29, Tuesday||Bhai Dooj|
|October 31, Thursday||Chhath Puja Begins (Nahai Khai)|
|November 03, Sunday||Chhath Puja Ends (Sandhya Argh)|