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Union government also known as Central government is the governing authority of all 29 states and seven union territories in India.
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Government of India



The Government of India or the Central Government is the governing body representing the whole of India. Also known as the Union of India, the Govt. of India has the sole governing authority of 29 states and seven union territories. Central Government is based in New Delhi, the capital of India.

Govt. of India

Country Name Indian National Flag
Conventional Long Form Republic of India
Conventional Short Form India
Government Type Federal Republic
Capital New Delhi
Administrative Divisions 29 states and 7 union territories;
States: Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, , Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, , Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttarakhand/Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.
Union Territories: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep, Pondicherry
Independence 15 August 1947 (from United Kingdom)
National Holidays Republic Day, 26 January (1950), Independence Day 15 August (1947)
Constitution Came into Force 26 January 1950
Population of India 1.27 billion (2014)
Legal System Based on English common law; Limited judicial review of legislative acts, Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations.
Suffrage 18 years of age, Universal
Executive Branch
Head of State President, Pranab Mukherjee (since 25th July 2012)
Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari (since 10th August 2007)
Head of Government Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Cabinet Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister.
Election Results
Pranab Mukherjee Elected president;
Mohammad Hamid Ansari Elected vice president since 11 August 2007, and re-elected on 7 August 2012
Narendra Modi Current prime minister of India
Elections (Lok Sabha) last held in April - May, 2014 (next to be held 2019)
Election Results (2014) Seats by party - NDA - 336, UPA - 58, Other's - 149
Judicial Branch Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president and remain in office until they reach the age of 65)
Political Parties & Leaders All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or AIADMK [C. Jayalalitha JAYARAM]
All India Forward Bloc or AIFB, [D. BISWAS, general secretary]
Asom Gana Parishad [Brindaban GOSWAMI]
Bahujan Samaj Party or BSP [MAYAWATI]
Bharatiya Janata Party or BJP [Venkaiah NAIDU]
Biju Janata Dal or BJD [Naveen PATNAIK]
Communist Party of India or CPI [Ardhendu Bhushan BARDHAN]
Communist Party of India/Marxist-Leninist or CPI/ML [Dipankar BHATTACHARYA]
Congress (I) Party [Sonia GANDHI]
Dravida Munnetra Kazagham or DMK (a regional party in Tamil Nadu) [M. KARUNANIDHI]
Indian National League [Suliaman SAITH]
Janata Dal (Secular) [H. D. Deve GOWDA]
Janata Dal (United) or JDU [Sharad YADAV]
Kerala Congress (Mani faction) [K. M. MANI]
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or MDMK [VAIKO]
Muslim League [G. M. BANATWALA]
Nationalist Congress Party or NCP [Sharad PAWAR]
Rashtriya Janata Dal or RJD [Laloo Prasad YADAV]
Revolutionary Socialist Party or RSP [Abani ROY]
Samajwadi Party or SP [Mulayam Singh YADAV]
Shiromani Akali Dal [G. S. TOHRA]
Shiv Sena [Bal THACKERAY]
Tamil Maanila Congress [G. K. VASAN]
Telugu Desam Party or TDP [Chandrababu NAIDU]
Trinamool Congress [Mamata BANERJEE]
Political Pressure Groups & Leaders Numerous religious or militant/chauvinistic organizations, including Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Bajrang Dal, and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh; various separatist groups seeking greater communal and/or regional autonomy, including the All Parties Hurriyat Conference.







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