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Population of India






The Population of India is growing at a very rapid rate according to census 2011. Read further for growth in Indian Population in the recent years.
India Guide : Population of India

Population of India



Population of India - As per the latest survey carried out on March, 2011, the total population of India was recorded to be 1,210,193,422 persons thus making it the second largest populated country in the world. India follows China in this race of population, the former being at number one.

In July 2007, this mark had increased by a considerable number and the last recorded data had the figure of 1,129,866,154, under the Indian Population head.

Rising by a considerable percentage of about 21.34%, the population of India observed a sound rise in the sex ratio by coming up to 933 from 927 as at the 1991 Census that recorded a total population of 1,027,015,247 persons comprising of 531,277,078 males and 495,738,169 females.

Population of IndiaIn terms of the population dynamics, India is very strange for it supports a total of 15% of the global population at a mere 2.4% of the world's land area. The country has about 70% of its population residing in rural areas centered in about 550,000 villages.

But one of the most remarkable things about Indians is that they have retained their traditions and values irrespective of the attacks of various invaders that have no doubt left indelible prints on the land. A rare unity in diversity is what one can observe in this diverse country with 18 official languages.

An incredible racial and cultural fusion of religion, caste and language is what can be observed in India. The only country with almost 83% of the Hindus and about 120 million Muslims, India is also home to a considerable chunk of Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Parsis also.


Population of India

Population Density of India 324 persons per square kilometre
Age structure
0 to 14 years 31.7% (male 173,869,856; female 164,003,915)
15 to 64 years 63.5% (male 349,785,804; female 326,289,402)
65 years and over 4.8% (male 25,885,725; female 25,235,905) (2004 estimate)
Median age
Total 24.4 years
Male 24.4 years
female 24.4 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate 1.44% (2004 est.)
Birth rate 22.8 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate 8.38 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate
Total 57.92 deaths/1,000 live births
Female 57.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Male 58.52 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
Total population 63.99 years
Male 63.25 years
Female 64.77 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate 2.85 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Nationality
Noun Indian(s)
Adjective Indian
Ethnic groups
Indo-Aryan 72%
Dravidian 25%
Mongoloid and other's 3% (2000)
Religions
Hindu 80.5%
Muslim 12%
Christian 2.3%
Sikh 1.9%
Other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5% (2000)
Languages English is a widely spoken language in national, political, and commercial communication. Hindi is the official language of India and is spoken by more than 30% of the population. Part from these, 14 other official languages like Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit are also used widely throughout the country.
Literacy Rate (Definition: Age 15 and over that can read and write)
Total Population 59.5%
Male 70.2%
Female 48.3% (2003 est.)








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