Muslims with a total population of 184 million forms the second-largest community in India. Get details on Muslim population and its growth in various states of India.

Muslim Population in India



Muslim Population in India

Muslims in India - With over 172 million followers (2011), Islam is the second-largest religion in India after Hinduism. Muslims are the second largest community after Hindus forming 14.6% of the total population in Republic of India. Although history of Islam religion in India dates back to 12th century, the nation is currently home to over 10% of the world’s Muslim population. After Indonesia and Pakistan, India is home to third largest Muslim population in the world. Muslims or people following Islam are significantly present in large numbers all over India. Almost half of Indian Muslims (47%) lives in 3 states of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar. Muslims forms an important part of religious population in India as it’s the second largest community after Hindus. Hindus and Muslims together form an integral part of vibrant Indian culture.

Population of Muslim in India 2016
Islam as a Religion has witnessed a sharp growth in its population in various states of India. According to data from Census of India, Muslim Population is estimated to be 184 million in 2016.

Population of Muslim in India 2015
Growth of Muslim population in India is a major issue of debate for various scholars and researches. Over the years, several data related to Muslim population has been released by various Government departments, agencies and research organizations. Going by Census of India 2011, total population of Muslims in India was 17.22 crore (14.2% of India’s population). With a descent annual growth rate, Population of Muslims in India is estimated to be over 180 million in 2015.

Muslim Population in Uttar Pradesh
Muslims form the largest minority group in state of Uttar Pradesh with a total population of over 30.7 million as of 2001. It is also second largest community with 18 percent Islam followers in the Hindu (80 percent) dominated state of Uttar Pradesh. With a 51 percent Muslim population, Rampur district is the only district with largest Muslim population in Uttar Pradesh.

Growth of Muslim Population in India
According to figures provided by the Census of India, Muslims have witnessed a descent growth in their population in the last 50 years as compared to Hindus. In 1961, Muslims were 10.7 percent of the total population whereas Hindus were 83.4 percent. In 2001, this ratio changed slightly with Muslims population grown to 13.4 percent while Hindus total population decreased to 80.5 percent. Going by this rise in Muslims population, recent estimated suggests that Muslims population has gone up to 14.5 percent as of 2015, whereas Hindus population has declined below 80 percent. One of the important facts about Population growth of Muslims is that Women fertility rate of Muslims is slightly higher than Hindu Women. With a growth rate of 24% from 2001 - 2011, Muslim Population growth is much higher that national average growth of 18% during this period.

The states of Assam and West Bengal have witnessed a rapid growth in share of Muslim population in the last decade. The state of Assam has 10.7 million Muslim followers in India. Illegal Immigration from Bangladesh has been major factor in this rapid growth of Muslim population in these two states. The below data indicates rise in Muslim Population from 2001 - 2011.



Social and Economic Reasons behind Muslim Population growth:

  • Muslims in India are poorer and less educated as compared with Hindus leading to high growth rate in their population.
  • Estimated figures suggest that Muslim women gets married at a very early age of between 16 - 20, leading to high fertility rate among the Muslims women.
  • Muslims has a higher young children (aged 0-6) population as compared to Hindus.
  • Researches also suggest that Muslims in India are less interested in adopting family planning measures in India.


* Figures provided by Census of India