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Population of India






A Large number of Indian Population lives in slum areas. Know more on Slum Population in Delhi and Mumbai in India.
India Guide : Population of India : Slum Population in India

Slum Population in India



Slum Population in India - Slum Population simply refers to people living in slum areas below the poverty line. As India is still on the path of development, there is large number of people living below the poverty line. These people usually live in slum areas connected to the city. According to Government sources, the Slum Population of India have exceeds the population of Britain. It has doubled in last two decades. According to last census in 2001, the slum-dwelling population of India had risen from 27.9 million in 1981 to 61.8 million in 2001. Indian economy has achieved a significant growth of 8 percent annually in last four years, but there is still large number of people nearly 1.1 billion still survives on less than 1 $ (around 46 INR) in a day.

Increase in Indian Population over a period of time has also resulted in slum population growth. Despite of Government efforts to build new houses and other basic infrastructure, most of the people living in slum areas do not have electricity, water supply and cooking gas.

Slum Population in IndiaSlum Population in Mumbai - The financial capital of India known as Mumbai is home to estimated 6.5 million slum people. Nearly half of Mumbai's Population lives in small shacks surrounded by open sewers. Nearly 55% of Mumbai's population lives in Slum areas.

Slum Population in Delhi - After Mumbai, Delhi has the second largest slum Population in India. Nearly 1.8 million people lives in slum areas in capital of India - New Delhi. These people are mostly unemployed or daily wage workers who cannot even afford basic necessities of life.

Future Slum Population in India
According to recent estimates, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh will be having largest share of slum population in India by 2017. These states are already home to a large number of slum populations which mostly lives in and around urban areas. By 2017, Maharashtra will be home to more than 20 million of slum population in India followed by Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. It is estimated that by 2017, India's total Slum population will be 104 million. More


Total Slum Population in India

S No. State / UT Total Slum population
Persons Males Females
1 India 42,578,150 22,697,218 19,880,932
2 Andaman & Nicobar Is. 16,244 8,855 7,389
3 Andhra Pradesh 5,187,493 2,625,745 2,561,748
4 Assam 82,289 43,472 38,817
5 Bihar 531,481 282,772 248,709
6 Chandigarh 107,125 62,762 44,363
7 Chhatisgarh 817,908 422,096 395,812
8 Delhi 2,029,755 1,140,334 889,421
9 Goa 14,482 7,469 7,013
10 Gujarat 1,866,797 1,020,288 846,509
11 Haryana 1,420,407 778,734 641,673
12 Jammu & Kashmir 268,513 143,416 125,097
13 Jharkhand 301,569 158,532 143,037
14 Karnataka 1,402,971 714,413 688,558
15 Kerala 64,556 31,699 32,857
16 Madhya Pradesh 2,417,091 1,269,757 1,147,334
17 Maharashtra 11,202,762 6,137,624 5,065,138
18 Meghalaya 86,304 43,078 43,226
19 Orissa 629,999 330,054 299,945
20 Pondicherry 73,169 36,012 37,157
21 Punjab 1,159,561 629,326 530,235
22 Rajasthan 1,294,106 681,541 612,565
23 Tamil Nadu 2,866,893 1,441,437 1,425,456
24 Tripura 29,949 15,093 14,856
25 Uttar Pradesh 4,395,276 2,348,679 2,046,597
26 Uttranchal 195,470 103,895 91,575
27 West Bengal 4,115,980 2,220,135 1,895,845
Source: Census of India 2001


Slum Population in India by States

State 2011 2017
(Projected)
Maharashtra 1.81 2.05
Uttar Pradesh 1.1 1.2
Andhra Pradesh 0.81 0.86
Madhya Pradesh 0.64 0.71
Gujarat 0.46 0.52
Delhi 0.31 0.37
Source: Census of India 2011
All figures in crores


Total and Slum Population of Million Plus Cities in India, Census 2001
Million Plus cities T. Popn.(in ’000) Slum Popn. (in ’000) %of Slum to T. Popn. Sex Ratio in
Non-Slum areas
Sex Ratio in Slum areas
Greater Mumbai 11,978 6,475 54.06 859 770
Delhi M. Corp. 9,879 1,851 18.74 836 780
Kolkata 4,573 1,485 32.48 841 805
Banglore * 4,301 431 10.02 915 947
Chennai * 4,344 820 18.88 953 974
Ahmedabad 3,637 474 13.46 891 850
Hyderabad * 3,520 627 17.23 930 938
Kanpur 2,551 368 14.42 857 857
Pune 2,538 492 19.39 920 928
Surat 2,433 508 20.89 794 701
All India 73,346 17,697 24.13 874 820


*Million Cities of South India

*Reader,Dept. of Research Methodology,Tata Institute of Social Sciences,Mumbai – 400 088









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