Religions in India

Jainism in India originated with Buddhism in about 500 BC. Indian Jains can basically be divided into Digmabaras and Shwetambaras.

Jainism Religion


Jainism in India

Jainism in India - 0.5% of Indian population follows Jainism. It originated with Buddhism in India in around 500 BC and was founded by Mahavira. Much like Buddhism, Jainism was a revolt against the cruder sections of Brahmanic philosophy. Mahavira was a prince too much like Buddha and came to be known as 'Jina' meaning 'the big winner'. Jains also believe in reincarnation and liberation and Mahavira was also not considered as the first Prophet of his religion. However, Jainism believes in asceticism. It identifies non-violence as one of its doctrines that extended to non-living things such stones and sand too. Mahavira renounced world completely and refused to dress up or eat.

The followers of Mahavira are less strict in their diets, though they are vegetarians and avoid hurting anything by not walking in fields for the fear of hurting insects or covering their mouths to filter the small invisible microbes out. They also keep out of such professions as agriculture and martial services and prefer banking and business. Jains are divided in two main sects known as 'Digambaras' and 'Swetambaras'. Digambaras follow Mahavira strictly, remain naked and thus, keep mostly to their temples. Only men follow this sect. Swetambaras are less rigid in their routines and lifestyles and wear white clothes. They include women too. However, both the sects follow simplicity and keep to the minimum basic requirements of life and traditionally eat only from sunrise to sunset.