The vibrant state of Haryana is currently (2021) home to 30,351,496 (3.03 Crore) people in India. Explore information on sex ratio, literacy rate and present population.

Population of Haryana (2021)

Located in North India, Haryana is one of the economically developed states of India with a rich agricultural and industrial sector. Haryana is one of the wealthier states of India with a large number of industrial hubs located in various districts. According to Census of India 2011, Population of Haryana was recorded at 25,353,081. Hindu followers (87.45%) constitute majority of population in the state. As per Census of India 2011, Faridabad is the largest district in the state with a total human count of 1.79 million people followed by Hisar with 1.74 million. The economy is dominated by agricultural and its related industries. The entire state is divided into four divisions of Ambala, Rohtak, Gurgaon and Hisar for administrative purposes. Haryana consists of total 21 districts, 58 sub-divisions, 80 tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils and 125 blocks. According to Census of India, there are 154 cities and towns and 6,955 villages in Haryana. Haryana has witnessed a huge influx of immigrants from all over the nation, primarily from Bihar, Bengal, Uttrakhand, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Nepal.

Population of Haryana

Current Population of Haryana
Population growth in Haryana is decent in comparison with other states of India. Population of Haryana in 2020 is estimated to be 29,808,027 (29.8 million), however the state recorded a population of 29,241,904 in year 2019. The state adds around 0.5 million people to its human count each year. The same figure was recorded at 28,736,412 in 2018. In terms of districts, Faridabad is the largest with population of over 2.5 million. Faridabad city located near capital of India is the largest city in Haryana with population of 1,914,569.

Sex Ratio in Haryana
According to last Census of India in 2011, Haryana has the lowest sex ratio (834 females) in India. The state is known all over India for female feticide. However, with Government schemes and initiatives, the sex ratio in Haryana has started to show an upward movement. The state recorded a child sex ratio (0-6 age group) of over 900 for the first time in December, 2015. This is the first time since 2011 that Haryana sex ratio crossed the 900 mark. Haryana’s gender ratio is 903 (2016) according to state’s health department. The state has witnessed a huge success under ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ campaign. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the much applauded ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ campaign in Panipat on January 22, 2015. The state government took strict measures to counter female feticide in the entire districts.

District wise Sex Ratio
Out of the total districts, 12 have recorded to have gender ratio of above 900. Sirsa district recorded the highest sex ratio with 999 girls available for every 1,000 boys. The district of Panchkula recorded a sex ratio of 961, Karnal (959), Fatehabad (952), Gurgaon (946), Sonipat (942), Jind (940), Rewari (931), Mewat (923), Bhiwani (912), Mahendragarh (912), Hisar (906). All these figures reveal positive signs of a healthy sex ratio started to increase in the Haryana state.

Literacy Rate in Haryana
Haryana’s economy is centered towards agriculture and industries related to it. In terms of Education, Haryana has seen a tremendous increase in its literacy rate. As of 2011, the state recorded a literacy rate of 76.64 percent. This further consist of male literacy 85.38 percent while female literacy is at 66.67 percent. Literacy rate in Haryana has improved from 67.91 percent in 2001 to 76.64 percent in 2011. The city of Gurgaon with 86.30% has the highest literacy rate. Panchkula at 81.9 percent and Ambala at 81.7 percent are other cities with high literacy rate. Overall literacy rate in the state is descent with 76.64 percent of population being able to read and write in Haryana.

Population by Religion
A vast majority (84.45%) of population in Haryana are Hindu followers. Further, Sikhs with (4.91%), Muslims (7.03%) are the largest minorities in the state. After Punjab, Haryana has the second largest Sikh Population in India. Islam followers are mainly found in Mewat and Yamuna Nagar districts.

Population in Haryana 2011