India Guide : Population of India : India's Population in 2020

Population of India 2020

1,379,233,477 (As of Sunday, 28 June, 2020)
- According to UN data, India Population in 2020 is estimated at 1,380,004,385 people by the month of July.
- Currently, there are about 51 births in India in a minute.
- In 2020, India's student population stood at around 350 million.
- There are roughly 38 births in every minute, in India.

Current Population of India - According to latest United Nations data, India, with 1,379,233,477 people is the second most populous country in the world, while China is on the top with over 1,439,161,638 (1.43 billion) people. The figures show that India represents almost 17.7% of the world's population, which means one out of six people on this planet live in India. Although, the crown of the world's most populous country is on China's head for decades, India is all set to take the numero uno position by 2027. With the population growth rate at 1.04%, India is predicted to have more than 1.47 billion people by the end of 2027.

More than 50% of India's current population is below the age of 25 and over 65% below the age of 35. About 72.2% of the population lives in some 638,000 villages and the rest 27.8% in about 5,480 towns and urban agglomerations. The birth rate (child births per 1,000 people per year) is 17.59 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) while death rate (deaths per 1000 individuals per year) is 7.3 deaths/1,000 population. Fertility rate is 2.24 children born/woman (NFHS-3, 2008) and Infant mortality rate is 26.6 deaths/1,000 live births (United Nations Population Division). India has the largest illiterate population in the world. The literacy rate of India as per 2011 Population Census was 74.04%, with male literacy rate at 82.14% and female at 65.46%. Kerala has the highest literacy rate at 93.9%, Lakshadweep (92.3%) is on the second position and Mizoram (91.6%) is on third.

Population of India (2020 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Fertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationIndia
Global Rank
2020 1,380,004,385 0.99 % 13,586,631 2.24 464 483,098,640 17.70 % 7,794,798,739 2
2019 1,366,417,754 1.02 % 13,775,474 2.36 460 471,828,295 17.71 % 7,713,468,100 2
2018 1,352,642,280 1.04 % 13,965,495 2.36 455 460,779,764 17.73 % 7,631,091,040 2
2017 1,338,676,785 1.07 % 14,159,536 2.36 450 449,963,381 17.74 % 7,547,858,925 2
2016 1,324,517,249 1.10 % 14,364,846 2.36 445 439,391,699 17.75 % 7,464,022,049 2
2015 1,310,152,403 1.20 % 15,174,247 2.40 441 429,069,459 17.75 % 7,379,797,139 2
2010 1,234,281,170 1.47 % 17,334,249 2.80 415 380,744,554 17.74 % 6,956,823,603 2
2005 1,147,609,927 1.67 % 18,206,876 3.14 386 334,479,406 17.54 % 6,541,907,027 2
2000 1,056,575,549 1.85 % 18,530,592 3.48 355 291,350,282 17.20 % 6,143,493,823 2
1995 963,922,588 1.99 % 18,128,958 3.83 324 255,558,824 16.78 % 5,744,212,979 2
1990 873,277,798 2.17 % 17,783,558 4.27 294 222,296,728 16.39 % 5,327,231,061 2
1985 784,360,008 2.33 % 17,081,433 4.68 264 190,321,782 16.10 % 4,870,921,740 2
1980 698,952,844 2.32 % 15,169,989 4.97 235 160,941,941 15.68 % 4,458,003,514 2
1975 623,102,897 2.33 % 13,582,621 5.41 210 132,533,810 15.27 % 4,079,480,606 2
1970 555,189,792 2.15 % 11,213,294 5.72 187 109,388,950 15.00 % 3,700,437,046 2
1965 499,123,324 2.07 % 9,715,129 5.89 168 93,493,844 14.95 % 3,339,583,597 2
1960 450,547,679 1.91 % 8,133,417 5.90 152 80,565,723 14.85 % 3,034,949,748 2
1955 409,880,595 1.72 % 6,711,079 5.90 138 71,958,495 14.78 % 2,773,019,936 2

Every year, India adds more people than any other nation in the world, and in fact the individual population of some of its states is equal to the total population of many countries. For example, Population of Uttar Pradesh (state in India) almost equals to the population of Brazil. It, as per 2001 Population Census of India, has 190 million people and the growth rate is 16.16%. The population of the second most populous state Maharashtra, which has a growth rate of 9.42%, is equal to that of Mexico's population. Bihar, with 8.07%, is the third most populous state in India and its population is more than Germany's. West Bengal with 7.79% growth rate, Andhra Pradesh (7.41%) and Tamil Nadu (6.07%) are at fourth, fifth and sixth positions respectively. The sex ratio of India stands at 940. Kerala with 1058 females per 1000 males is the state with the highest female sex ratio. Pondicherry (1001) is second, while Chhatisgarh (990) and Tamil Nadu (986) are at third and fourth places respectively. Haryana with 861 has the lowest female sex ratio.

SEX RATIO
924
(number of females per 1000 females)
INFANT MORTALITY
26.6
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
DEATHS UNDER AGE 5
32.9
(per 1,000 live births)
LIFE EXPECTANCY
70.42 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
India Population Growth

Some of the reasons for India's rapidly growing population are poverty, illiteracy, high fertility rate, rapid decline in death rates or mortality rates and immigration from Bangladesh and Nepal. Alarmed by its swelling population, India has started taking measures to stem the growth rate quite early. In fact, India by launching the National Family Planning program in 1952 became the first country in the world to have a population policy. The family planning program yielded some noticeable results, bringing down significantly the country's fertility rate. In 1965-2009, the contraceptive usage more than tripled and the fertility rate more than halved. The efforts did produce positive results, however, failed to achieve the ultimate goal and the population of India since getting independence from Britain in 1947 increased almost three times. Whereas India has missed almost all its targets to bring the rate of population growth under control, China's 'One Child Policy' in 1978, has brought tremendous results for the latter. The policy claims to have prevented between 250 and 300 million births from 1978 to 2000 and 400 million births from 1979 to 2010.

What is the Population of India in 2020

According to United Nations data, Population of India in 2020 will be 1,380,004,385. Also, India will be moving close to surpass China's population. In current year, the average age of an Indian will be 29 years, compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan.

Population: All population data and figures used in the country are shown as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. All figures are as of July 1 of the year.