Current Population of India in 2021 is 1,387,898,387 (138 crores). Know more on present, historical and projected Population of India.

Population of India in 2021

Current Population of India

Current Population of India - India, with 1,387,898,387 (138 crore) people is the second most populous country in the world, while China is on the top with over 1,446,312,871 (1.44 billion) people. The figures show that India represents almost 17.85% of the world's population, which means one out of six people on this planet live in India. Although, the crown of the world's most populous country is on China's head for decades, India is all set to take the numero uno position by 2030. With the population growth rate at 1.2%, India is predicted to have more than 1.53 billion people by the end of 2030.

More than 50% of India's current population is below the age of 25 and over 65% below the age of 35. About 72.2% of the population lives in some 638,000 villages and the rest 27.8% in about 5,480 towns and urban agglomerations. The birth rate (child births per 1,000 people per year) is 22.22 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) while death rate (deaths per 1000 individuals per year) is 6.4 deaths/1,000 population. Fertility rate is 2.72 children born/woman (NFHS-3, 2008) and Infant mortality rate is 30.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 estimated). India has the largest illiterate population in the world. The literacy rate of India as per 2011 Population Census is 74.04%, with male literacy rate at 82.14% and female at 65.46%. Kerala has the highest literacy rate at 93.9%, Lakshadweep (92.3%) is on the second position and Mizoram (91.6%) is on third.

Every year, India adds more people than any other nation in the world, and in fact the individual population of some of its states is equal to the total population of many countries. For example, Population of Uttar Pradesh (state in India) almost equals to the population of Brazil. It, as per 2001 Population Census of India, has 190 million people and the growth rate is 16.16%. The population of the second most populous state Maharashtra, which has a growth rate of 9.42%, is equal to that of Mexico's population. Bihar, with 8.07%, is the third most populous state in India and its population is more than Germany's. West Bengal with 7.79% growth rate, Andhra Pradesh (7.41%) and Tamil Nadu (6.07%) are at fourth, fifth and sixth positions respectively. The sex ratio of India stands at 948. Kerala with 1058 females per 1000 males is the state with the highest female sex ratio. Pondicherry (1001) is second, while Chhatisgarh (990) and Tamil Nadu (986) are at third and fourth places respectively. Haryana with 861 has the lowest female sex ratio.

India Population (2020, 2019, 2018, and historical)

Year Population Yearly % 
World Population (Country's Share of
World Pop)
2020 1,380,004,385 0.99 % 462 7,794,798,739 (17.70 %)
2019 1,366,417,754 1.02 % 458 7,658,963,214 (17.90 %)
2018 1,352,642,280 1.04 % 455 7,589,356,125 (17.90 %)
2017 1,349,701,245 1.07 % 449 7,464,663,275 (17.90 %)
2016 1,312,457,832 1.2 % 446 7,432,663,275 (17.85 %)
2015 1,292,836,541 1.27 % 441 7,349,472,099 (18.92 %)
2010 1,230,984,504 1.47 % 414 6,929,725,043 (18.88 %)
2005 1,144,326,293 1.67 % 385 6,519,635,850 (18.68 %)
2000 1,053,481,072 1.86 % 354 6,126,622,121 (18.37 %)

Some of the reasons for India's rapidly growing population are poverty, illiteracy, high fertility rate, rapid decline in death rates or mortality rates and immigration from Bangladesh and Nepal. Alarmed by its swelling population, India started taking measures to stem the growth rate quite early. In fact India by launching the National Family Planning program in 1952 became the first country in the world to have a population policy. The family planning program yielded some noticeable results, bringing down significantly the country's fertility rate. In 1965-2009, the contraceptive usage more than tripled and the fertility rate more than halved. The efforts did produce positive results, however, failed to achieve the ultimate goal and the population of India since getting independence from Britain in 1947 increased almost three times. Whereas India has missed almost all its targets to bring the rate of population growth under control, China's 'One Child Policy' in 1978, has brought tremendous results for the latter. The policy claims to have prevented between 250 and 300 million births from 1978 to 2000 and 400 million births from 1979 to 2010.

What is the Population of India in 2021
India with a population growth rate of 1% annually is slowly approaching to become most populous country in the world. Going by estimated projection from world bank, Population of India in 2021 is projected to be 1,387,898,387.

What is the Population of India in 2020
Population of India in 2020 was over 13,796 million. Also, India will be moving close to surpass China's population. Also in 2020, the average age of an Indian was 29 years, compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan.

What is the Population of India in 2018
Being a highly densely populated nation, India suffers from over Human Overpopulation. Total Population of India in year 2018 is estimated to be 1,351,122,408 (1.35 billion). In Next 10 years, India will become most populous country in the world leaving behind China (most populous country in 2018).

What is the Population of India in 2017
With high Population growth rate, India's Population was recorded to be 1.34 billion by the end of year 2017.

Population of India in 2016
According to recent estimates, Population of India in 2016 was 1.34 billion.