Total Population of India in 2013 was estimated to be 1.26 billion. Know more on Indian Population in 2013 with sex ratio and literacy rate.

Population of India 2013

Population of India 2013 - India figures among the three most populous countries of the world - namely, China, India and the USA. With the population of India in 2013 peaking 1.26 billion people, India is superseded only by China which supports 1.35 billion people. While India already accounts for 17.5% of the world's population, forecasting trends suggest that India may reach well over 1.53 billion people by 2030. Pointing to the growth of population of India 2013, the latest Census 2011 figures reveal an addition of 181 million people in absolute numbers during 2001-11. During this decade, India registered a growth of 1.64%. A state-wise analysis reveals that Kerala has successfully managed to bring down its decadal growth to below 5%, while Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh continue to reel under the pressures of a high decadal growth rate of 20%.

Population of India in 2013
It is important to have a closer look at the variables affecting India's population in 2013. The age-structure figures reveal a tendency towards a young population, where more than 50% population falls below the age of 25. The Census 2011 data reveals an increase from 353 million people in 2001 to 430 million people in 2011. In fact, as predictions go, the youth population of India is set to reach 464 million by 2021. By 2020, a young working population will make up a substantial 64% of India's population. In view of the rapid growth in manufacturing, IT and service sector, the realities of migration from rural to urban areas, an important phenomenon associated with population of India 2013 come to the fore. It is clearly substantiated by the figures revealed in the Census 2011 data. More than two-thirds of the total population (68.8%) resides in villages while the rest (31.2%) live in urban India. The latter is an increase over the earlier figures of 27.8% in 2001 and 25.5% in 1991. While NCT Delhi with 97.5% has the maximum concentration of urban population, it is followed by the states of Goa, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. With respect to population density, there has been a hike from 325 persons per sq km in 2001 to 382 persons per sq km in 2011. Bihar tops the list with a density of 1106, followed by West Bengal. Arunachal Pradesh has the lowest population density of 17. Delhi (11,320) and Chandigarh rank first and second respectively as the most densely inhabited.

Another important element associated with India's population is its improving performance with respect to literacy rate. As per Census of India 2011 figures, the literacy rate of India is 74.04%. While male literacy is high at 82.14%, female literacy hovers at 65.46%. Kerala has consistently maintained its position as the state with the highest literacy rate at 94%, followed by Lakshadweep with 92.3%, Mizoram with 91.6% and Tripura with 87.75%. The average sex ratio is 943 females per 1000 males. Kerala leads with 1084 females per 1000 males, followed by Pondicherry while Haryana is at the bottom with a ratio of 877 females per 1000 males.

In terms of current trends in population of India, India has been adding serious numbers, beating most nations that have low fertility rate. Uttar Pradesh with a population of 200 million people is the most populous state, followed by Maharashtra, Bihar and West Bengal. The population size of both Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra put together surpasses Brazil, which ranks fifth among the most populous countries of the world. The population of Bihar, the third most populous state, is more than Germany's. Sikkim is the least populated state, with only 6,07,688 people.

Population variables and indicators help to understand where a country is headed in view of its social and economic development. While the current dynamics of the population of India can be understood from the latest figures of Census 2011, India's performance on most of the indicators is forthcoming. There has been a decline in fertility as seen in the overall declining population in the 0-6 year age-group and a consistently falling birth rate. The increase in India's population size can be attributed to the existence of an already large population in the reproductive age group. Also, the governments greater focus on female literacy, general and reproductive health care and access to family planning presents hope for a society wholly aware of its responsibilities. It is heartening to see that the wide gap in literacy rate between urban and rural areas is now tapering. But whether GDP (at factor cost) and foodgrain output will be able to keep pace with the growth in population of India remains to be seen. Nevertheless, going forward, with respect to the population of India 2013, it can be expected that the States and Union Territories facing serious challenges on these fronts would make ample efforts to implement stringent population policies, increase female literacy rate and reduce poverty.

What is the Population of India 2013
According to estimated figures, Population of India in 2013 was 1.26 (1,263,437,611) billion.